School lunch is free for all college students in Sweden, and providing breakfast can also be encouraged. Sweden began slowing the enlargement of the welfare state within the Eighties, and even trimming it again.

Welcome to the official website of Sweden. Discover the information and tales of our country.

English turned a compulsory topic for secondary school students studying pure sciences as early as 1849, and has been a compulsory subject for all Swedish students because the late 1940s. Depending on the local school authorities, English is presently a obligatory topic between first grade and ninth grade, with all students persevering with in secondary faculty finding out English for no less than one other yr. Most students also research one and generally two further languages. These include (however usually are not restricted to) German, French and Spanish. Some Danish and Norwegian is at times additionally taught as part of Swedish courses for native audio system.

Rich and powerful Viking men tended to have many wives and concubines; these polygynous relationships could have led to a scarcity of eligible women for the average Viking male. Due to this, the average Viking man may have been compelled to carry out riskier actions to realize wealth and energy to have the ability to find appropriate women. Viking men would typically purchase or capture women and make them into their wives or concubines. Polygynous marriage increases male-male competition in society as a result of it creates a pool of unmarried men who are prepared to have interaction in dangerous status-elevating and sex in search of behaviors. The Annals of Ulster states that in 821 the Vikings plundered an Irish village and «carried off a large number of women into captivity».

The assimilation of the nascent Scandinavian kingdoms into the cultural mainstream of European Christendom altered the aspirations of Scandinavian rulers and of Scandinavians in a position to journey swedish girls overseas, and changed their relations with their neighbours. One of the primary sources of revenue for the Vikings had been slave-taking.

The present has a free grounding in historical facts and sources, however bases itself more so on literary sources, corresponding to fornaldarsaga Ragnars saga loðbrókar, itself extra legend than reality, and Old Norse Eddic and Skaldic poetry. The events of the show frequently make references to the Völuspá, an Eddic poem describing the creation of the world, typically instantly referencing specific traces of the poem within the dialogue. The show portrays a number of the social realities of the medieval Scandinavian world, corresponding to slavery and the larger position of girls within Viking society. The show additionally addresses the subjects of gender equity in Viking society with the inclusion of defend maidens by way of the character Lagertha, also based on a legendary figure. Recent archaeological interpretations and osteological analysis of earlier excavations of Viking burials has given assist to the idea of the Viking woman warrior, namely the excavation and DNA examine of the Birka feminine Viking Warrior, within recent years.

Sweden’s most dangerous animal

For several decades the Swedish government has prioritised scientific and R&D actions. As a percentage of GDP, the Swedish authorities spends essentially the most of any nation on analysis and development. Sweden tops different European international locations in the number of published scientific works per capita. Sweden was formally a impartial nation and remained exterior NATO and Warsaw Pact membership during the Cold War, but privately Sweden’s leadership had robust ties with the United States and different western governments. Following the warfare, Sweden took advantage of an intact industrial base, social stability and its natural sources to increase its industry to produce the rebuilding of Europe.


This is as a result of south’s being surrounded by a larger mass of water, with the broader Baltic Sea and the Atlantic air passing over lowland areas from the south-west. In 2014, Stefan Löfven (Social Democrats) gained the General Election and became the brand new Swedish Prime Minister. The Sweden Democrats held the steadiness of power and voted the federal government’s price range down within the Riksdag, however because of agreements between the federal government and the Alliance, the government was in a position to grasp onto energy.

Most modern literary and written sources on the Vikings come from other cultures that had been in touch with them. Since the mid-twentieth century, archaeological findings have constructed a more complete and balanced image of the lives of the Vikings. The archaeological report is especially rich and diversified, offering data of their rural and concrete settlement, crafts and production, ships and military gear, buying and selling networks, in addition to their pagan and Christian religious artefacts and practices.

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A sequence of successive social reforms reworked the nation into one of the most equal and developed on earth. Sweden maintains its own forex, the Swedish krona (SEK), a results of the Swedes having rejected the euro in a referendum. The Swedish Riksbank—based in 1668 and thus the oldest central financial institution on the earth—is currently focusing on worth stability with an inflation goal of two%.

Between 1970 and 1990 the general tax burden rose by over 10%, and the expansion was low compared to other countries in Western Europe. The marginal revenue tax for employees reached over 80%[quotation needed]. Eventually authorities spent over half of the nation’s gross domestic product.

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Sweden has been comparatively quick to undertake neoliberal policies, such as privatization, financialization and deregulation, in comparison with nations corresponding to France. The current Swedish authorities is constant the trend of moderate rollbacks of previous social reforms.

Ask Clay: In Sweden, why do doorways open out?

Except for the province of Skane, on the southernmost tip of Sweden which was beneath Danish management throughout this time, feudalism never developed in Sweden because it did in the rest of Europe. Therefore, the peasantry remained largely a class of free farmers all through most of Swedish historical past. Former slaves tended to be absorbed into the peasantry and some turned laborers in the towns. Still, Sweden remained a poor and economically backward country in which barter was the means of trade. During the early phases of the Scandinavian Viking Age, Ystad in Scania and Paviken on Gotland, in current-day Sweden, have been flourishing trade centres.

In 2010 Sweden’s earnings Gini coefficient was the third lowest amongst developed international locations, at 0.25—slightly greater than Japan and Denmark—suggesting Sweden had low earnings inequality. However, Sweden’s wealth Gini coefficient at zero.853 was the second highest in developed countries, and above European and North American averages, suggesting high wealth inequality. Even on a disposable earnings foundation, the geographical distribution of Gini coefficient of income inequality varies inside completely different regions and municipalities of Sweden.

In 1952, a Swedish DC-3 was shot down over the Baltic Sea by a Soviet MiG-15 jet fighter. Later investigations revealed that the airplane was actually gathering data for NATO.

Recent history

Besides, you’ll be able to ensure that you gained’t be the one one, who makes surprises. And isn’t it nice to know that nobody will nag at you, expecting you to do something simply since you’re a man? Asking a lady from Sweden out, know that you simply’ll have to talk a lot more than her. Even after you’ve guided her via all of your life, from the early childhood to your latest trip to a barber, you might be rewarded with only a few major details from your partner’s past.

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